Urology is a surgical specialty that deals with diseases of the male and female urinary tract and the male reproductive organs. Although urology is classified as a surgical specialty, a knowledge of internal medicine, pediatrics, gynecology and other specialties is required by the urologist because of the wide variety of clinical problems encountered.
Seven subspecialty areas include pediatric urology, urologic oncology (cancer), renal transplantation, male infertility, calculi (urinary tract stones), female urology (urinary incontinence and pelvic outlet relaxation disorders) and neurourology (voiding disorders, urodynamic evaluation of patients and erectile dysfunction or impotence).1
1. American Urological Association. 2011-07-28. URL:http://www.auanet.org/content/about-us/what-is-urology.cfm. Accessed: 2011-07-28.